Country of Sweden

16 Feb Country of Sweden

Flag of Sweden:
The colours of the Swedish flag are blue and yellow. The background of blue symbolizes peace, harmony, loyalty, and honesty; whilst the yellow cross represents generosity.

Geographical location and map of Sweden:
Sweden is a relatively large country situated in the middle of the Scandinavian and Nordic regions in Northern Europe. Its neighbouring countries include Norway, Denmark and Finland.

Capital city of Sweden: Stockholm
Stockholm is the capital city of Sweden as well as the largest city in Sweden. It has a population of approximately 1,657,000 people. In addition, Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics. It is also the 5th northernmost capital city in the world with a latitude of 59.33 degrees.

Currency of Sweden: Swedish krona
The official currency of Sweden is the Swedish krona.

1 New Zealand Dollar (NZD) = 6.10 Swedish krona (SEK)

Population of Sweden:
The population of Sweden is over 10.2 million people, as of 2021.

National animal of Sweden:
Eurasian elk (Moose).

National anthem of Sweden:
The national anthem of Sweden is “Du Gamla, Du Fria”. In English, the meaning is “Thou ancient, Thou free”.

National emblem of Sweden:
The national emblem of Sweden is “The Three Crowns”. In Swedish, it is known as the “Tre Kronor”. This national emblem represents the Coat of Arms of the Realm of Sweden, which is precisely the small coat of arms. Furthermore, it is composed of three glided or yellow cornets arranged with two crowns above and one crown below surrounding the background of blue.

Current head of state (monarch) of Sweden:
The current monarch of Sweden is King Carl XVI Gustaf. He has been reigning Sweden for 48 years ever since he took over the throne on the 15th September 1973 at the age of 26 years, after the death of his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf.

Climate of Sweden:
Sweden has a predominantly continental and subpolar climate, particularly in the northern areas. However, in the southern regions of Sweden, its climate is mostly temperate and oceanic.

Famous companies from Sweden:

  • Spotify
  • Volvo
  • H&M
  • Electrolux
  • Skanska
  • IKEA
  • Mojang
  • Ericsson

Famous people from Sweden:

  • Alfred Nobel – a famous chemist who was the founder of the Nobel prizes and invented dynamite. 
  • Greta Thunberg – a famous environmental and climate change activist.
  • Zlatan Ibrahimovic – a famous professional footballer.

Famous music bands/artists from Sweden:

  • ABBA (Agnetha, Benny, Bjorn and Anni-Frid)
  • Roxette (Marie Fredriksson and Per Gessle)
  • Europe (rock band), lead singer: Joey Tempest
  • Ace of Base
  • Zara Larsson
  • Basshunter (real name: Jonas Erik Altberg)
  • Avicii (Tim Bergling) – a famous musician and DJ (deceased since 2018)

Pros and Cons of Sweden:

  • Adequate healthcare coverage.
  • Sweden is one of the greenest and least polluted countries in the world
  • Daylight is frequently common during the summer months.
  • Speedy internet connection.
  • Education is mostly free.
  • Sweden has a high quality of life and high standards of living.
  • There are beautiful landscapes to enjoy viewing whilst visiting Sweden.


  • Swedish winters are frequently snowy, dark and gloomy. In addition, the weather can be unpredictable throughout the year, even during the summer months.
  • Daylight is very limited in Sweden during the winter months.
  • People in Sweden tend to be isolated and reserved.
  • There are not many major cities in Sweden.
  • Sweden is not a particularly diverse country.
  • There are no significant urban towns in Sweden.
  • Health insurance in Sweden does not always cover everything.

Other enthralling facts about Sweden:

  • Sweden has the largest number of islands out of every other country in the world.
  • Sweden has approximately more than 260,000 islands; the majority of these islands are uninhabitable.
  • Sweden is the largest and most populous country in both the Nordic and Scandinavian regions.
  • The distance to Sweden from New Zealand is approximately 17,316 km (10,760 miles).
  • Sweden has a reputation for beautiful landscapes, high levels of cleanliness, free education, adequate healthcare, and outstanding workplace environments.
  • Sweden is the 6th oldest country in Europe.
  • Minecraft, which is one of the most popular video games in the world and of all time, was originally developed in Sweden by Mojang Studios; it was created by Markus Persson.
  • In 1979, Sweden was the first country in the world to completely outlaw the corporal punishment (smacking, spanking) of children anywhere, including in the home.
  • With an area of approximately 450,000 km2, Sweden is the 5th largest country in Europe by surface area.
  • Sweden is well known for its Viking sites and unique Vikings.
  • The Scandinavian peninsula is the 7th largest peninsula in the world, as well as being the largest peninsula in Europe.
  • Angstrom is one of the first letters in the Swedish alphabet; it is named after a famous physicist called Anders Jonas Angstrom.
  • Sweden is known for its Fika (coffee) cultural traditions and Swedish meatballs.
  • Sweden is the third-largest music net exporter in the world, after the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK). It is also the largest exporter of pop music per capita in the world.

Famous tourist attractions to visit in Sweden:

  • Northern Lights (most common during the winter months)
  • ABBA: The Museum in Stockholm
  • The Ice Hotel in Jukkasjarvi (world’s first-ever ice hotel)
  • Abisko National Park, Lapland
  • Vasa Museum, Stockholm
  • Liseberg Amusement Park, Gothenburg

Why people should visit Sweden:
I believe that people should visit Sweden at least once in their lives, particularly when they are travelling in or going on a tour around Europe. Sweden is a beautiful country with spectacular landscapes for tourists to enjoy whilst viewing the glorious scenery. You are more likely to see the Northern Lights (aurora borealis) during the winter months due to the higher frequency of night skies. You could visit the famous Ice Hotel in Jukkasjarvi, discover famous Viking sites or view the midnight sun in the far north of Sweden. For those who are fans of ABBA, you could also visit the ABBA museum, or foodies could enjoy scrumptious Swedish meatballs and try Fika, a cultural coffee tradition. These are just some of the many things to do whilst visiting Sweden for a vacation or holiday. 

Nijaya Senarath-Dassanayake – Transition Year 

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